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10th India probiotic Symposium

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Cutting Edge Science and Applications: Intestinal Microbiota and Probiotics was Organised by Gut Microbiota and Probiotic Science Foundation (India), Pushpawati Singhania Hospital & Research Institute (PSRI)and the Institute of Home Economics on 29th February & 1st March 2020 at The Suryaa, New Delhi.

The human body is habitat to trillions of commensal microbes that are intricately associated with human health and diseases. The gut microbiota in particular, plays an important role in gut immune maturation, self and non-self-recognition, signal molecule production and inhibition of pathogenic bacteria colonization. It is now known that imbalance in gut commensal population can predispose an individual to many diseases, metabolic disorders and allergy. Obesity, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease, cardio vascular diseases, colorectal cancer, autism, Parkinson's disease etc. have been linked to imbalances in gut microbiota. Therefore, it is very important to maintain a healthy and balanced gut microbiota composition in order to maintain good immune system and overall health. Probiotics are live microorganisms (usually bacteria) that are similar to beneficial microorganisms found in the human gut that are taken as dietary supplements or found in foods. Probiotics have been extensively used for restoring gut microbiota imbalances and treating various gastrointestinal conditions.

The Gut Microbiota and Probiotic Science Foundation (India) was founded with an objective to provide a boost to the gut microbiota and probiotics research in our country. The association channelizes international knowledge and expertise in this field to promote collaborative research in probiotics. Annual international symposiums are organized by the association to provide a common scientific platform for scientists and clinicians to share and exchange their research and knowledge to help each other venture into new avenues of gut microbiota and probiotics research. The foundation organised the "10th India Probiotic Symposium" in collaboration with PSRI hospital, Delhi and Institute of Home Economics from 29th February to 1st March 2020. This two day symposium witnessed eminent scientists and clinicians from India and abroad like, Dr. N.K. Ganguly (Former Director General, ICMR), Prof. S.K. Brahmachari (Former Director General, CSIR), Prof. Rakesh Tandon (Prof. and Head, Dept. of Gastroenterology, PSRI hospital), Dr. Shiv Sarin (Director, ILBS, New Delhi) and Prof. Masato Nagino (Prof. and Chairman, Division of Surgical Oncology, Dept. of Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan) as the key note speakers. The role of gut microbiota in gut health, nutrition and metabolic health was discussed extensively by the panel of invited Indian and international scientists and clinicians. The eminent speakers also presented their research findings that provided some useful insight into the field of gut microbiota and probiotics research. The use of probiotic formulations to treat specific medical conditions was vastly discussed. In addition, emphasis was also given to the emerging and promising technique of Fecal microbiota transplant (FMT). FMT involves transplanting feces from a healthy donor into another person to restore the balance of bacteria in their gut. The speakers reported this technique to be extremely helpful in treating conditions like alcoholic liver disease, liver cirrhosis and IBD. Also, the role of healthy and tailored diet in maintaining gut microbiota balance, was discussed by the speakers. The audience comprising college students, young researchers, teachers and scientists participated in healthy and fruitful discussions with the speakers. The exchange of knowledge and scientific ideas among the participants will definitely help in opening in new arenas for gut microbiota and probiotics research in the near future. The event also witnessed the release of a book, entitled 'Probiotics in Health – Emerging opportunities', a compilation of series proceedings of the associations' past two symposia, by Dr. Geeta Trilok Kumar, Director, Institute of Home Economics.

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